Posts Tagged ‘sensor’

Dynamic Range Of Sensors

The dynamic range of any sensor used in digital cameras is defined by the largest possible signal divided by the smallest possible signal it can generate. The largest signal represents the maximum amount of light that can be converted by the sensor into a unique digital value that represents a pixel into a photo. The […]

Sensor Sizes

If we compare a typical sensor size to a 35 mm film, we realize that the sensor size of digital SLRs is typically 40% to 100% of the surface of the 35 mm film. Although they have similar number of pixels, digital cameras have smaller sensors. As a result, the pixels are smaller and the […]

Sensors linearity

Sensors are linear devices. If you double the amount of light, the sensor output will double, as long as the pixels are not full. If a pixel reaches full capacity, the output will be constant or clipped. Human vision is non-linear. If we double the light, the effect will be larger in low light conditions […]


Inside our eyes there are cone-shaped cells, which are sensitive to some colors, called “primary colors”: red, green and blue. The other colors that we perceive are just combinations of these primary colors. In photography, the red, green and blue corespondents of light expose the corresponding chemical layers of color film. The Foveon sensors work […]

Pixel Quality

In digital photography, when we hear the expression “more megapixels” we tend to believe that “more is better”. But in this case “more” doesn’t necessary mean “better”. The photography quality depends on a multitude of factors, the number of pixels being just one of them. Each pixel value has a quality that can be described […]